Table of Contents

 

Introduction

Title and Writer

Unity

Date

Historical Background

Place of Composition

Audience and Purpose

Theology

Themes

Genre and literary forms

Text

Outline

Message

The Minor Prophets

Exposition

I. Introduction 1:1

II. The first series of messages of judgment and restoration: Hosea's family 1:22:1

A. Signs of coming judgment 1:2-9

B. A promise of restoration 1:102:1

III. The second series of messages of judgment and restoration: marital unfaithfulness 2:23:5

A. Oracles of judgment 2:2-13

1. Judgment on Gomer as a figure of Israel 2:2-7

2. Judgment on Israel 2:8-13

B. Promises of restoration 2:143:5

1. Renewed love and restored marriage 2:14-20

2. Renewed fertility and restored favor 2:21-23

3. The restoration of Hosea's and Yahweh's wives ch. 3

The restoration of Hosea's wife 3:1-3

The restoration of Yahweh's wife 3:4-5

IV. The third series of messages on judgment and restoration: widespread guilt 4:16:3

A. The judgment oracles chs. 45

1. Yahweh's case against Israel ch. 4

Israel's breach of covenant 4:1-3

The guilt of Israel's priests 4:4-10

The guilt of Israel's idolatrous citizens 4:11-14

Judgment on the idolatrous worship 4:15-19

2. The guilt of both Israel and Judah ch. 5

A warning to the priests, people, and royal family of Israel 5:1-7

A warning to Ephraim and Judah 5:8-15

B. The restoration promises 6:1-3

V. The fourth series of messages on judgment and restoration: Israel's ingratitude 6:411:11

A. More messages on coming judgment 6:411:7

1. Israel's ingratitude and rebellion 6:48:14

Accusations involving ingratitude 6:47:16

Lack of loyalty 6:4-11

Internal corruption 7:1-7

Reliance on foreigners 7:8-16

Accusations involving rebellion ch. 8

Making idols 8:1-7

Making treaties 8:8-10

Making altars, palaces, and fortified cities 8:11-14

2. Israel's inevitable judgment 9:111:7

Israel's sorrow 9:1-9

The result: termination of festivals 9:1-6

The cause: opposition to prophets 9:7-9

Israel's humiliation 9:10-17

Diminished fruitfulness 9:10-14

Expulsion from the land 9:15-17

Israel's vulnerability 10:1-8

Judgment on Israel's cultic symbols 10:1-2

Judgment on Israel's political symbol 10:3-8

Israel's coming war 10:9-15

An initial announcement of war 10:9-10

A confirming announcement of war 10:11-15

Israel's rebelliousness 11:1-7

Proof of rebelliousness 11:1-4

Punishment for rebelliousness 11:5-7

B. Another assurance of restoration 11:8-11

VI. The fifth series of messages on judgment and restoration: historical unfaithfulness 11:1214:8

A. Judgment for unfaithfulness 11:1213:16

1. The deceitfulness of Israel 11:1212:14

An introductory accusation and announcement of judgment 11:1212:2

A lesson from Jacob's life 12:3-6

The pride of Israel that needed humbling 12:7-11

Another lesson from Israel's history 12:12-14

2. Israel's impending doom ch. 13

Israel's sin against privilege 13:1-3

The perversity of Israel's idolatry 13:4-8

Israel's misplaced confidence 13:9-11

Israel's stubbornness and its consequences 13:12-14

Covenant unfaithfulness punished 13:15-16

B. Restoration in spite of unfaithfulness 14:1-8

1. An appeal for repentance 14:1-3

2. A promise of restoration 14:4-8

VII. Conclusion 14:9

Bibliography