Table of Contents

 

Introduction

The Synoptic Problem

Genre

Writer

Language

Date and Place of Composition

Distinctive Features

Audience and Purposes

Plan and Structure

Canon

Outline

Message

Exposition

I. The introduction of the King 1:14:11

A. The King's genealogy 1:1-17 (cf. Luke 3:23-38)

B. The King's birth 1:18-25

C. The King's childhood ch. 2

1. The prophecy about Bethlehem 2:1-12

2. The prophecies about Egypt 2:13-18

3. The prophecies about Nazareth 2:19-23 (cf. Luke 2:39)

D. The King's preparation 3:14:11

1. Jesus' forerunner 3:1-12 (cf. Mark 1:2-8; Luke 3:3-18)

2. Jesus' baptism 3:13-17 (cf. Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-23)

3. Jesus' temptation 4:1-11 (cf. Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13)

II. The authority of the King 4:127:29

A. The beginning of Jesus' ministry 4:12-25

1. The setting of Jesus' ministry 4:12-16

2. Jesus' essential message 4:17 (cf. Mark 1:14-15; Luke 4:14-15)

3. The call of four disciples 4:18-22 (cf. Mark 1:16-20; Luke 5:1-11)

4. A summary of Jesus' ministry 4:23-25 (cf. Mark 1:35-39; Luke 4:42-44)

B. Jesus' revelations concerning participation in His kingdomchs. 57

1. The setting of the Sermon on the Mount 5:1-2 (cf. Luke 6:17-19)

2. The subjects of Jesus' kingdom 5:3-16

Their condition 5:3-10 (cf. Luke 6:20-26)

Their calling 5:11-16

3. The importance of true righteousness 5:177:12

Righteousness and the Scriptures 5:17-48

Jesus' view of the Old Testament 5:17-20

God's will concerning murder 5:21-26

God's will concerning adultery 5:27-30

God's will concerning divorce 5:31-32

God's will concerning oaths 5:33-37

God's will concerning retaliation 5:38-42

God's will concerning love 5:43-47 (cf. Luke 6:27-36)

Jesus' summary of His disciples' duty 5:48

Righteousness and the Father 6:1-18

A basic principle 6:1

Alms-giving 6:2-4

Praying 6:5-15 (cf. Luke 11:1-13)

Fasting 6:16-18

Righteousness and the world 6:197:12

The disciple's relationship to wealth 6:19-34 (cf. Luke 12:13-34)

The disciple's relationship to brethren 7:1-5 (cf. Luke 6:37-42)

The disciple's relationship to antagonists 7:6

The disciple's relationship to God 7:7-12

4. The false alternatives 7:13-27

The two paths 7:13-14

The two trees 7:15-20 (cf. Luke 6:43-44)

The two claims 7:21-23 (cf. Luke 6:46)

The two builders 7:24-27 (cf. Luke 6:47-49)

5. The response of the audience 7:28-29

III. The manifestation of the King 8:111:1

A. Demonstrations of the King's power 8:19:34

1. Jesus' ability to heal 8:1-17

The cleansing of a leprous Jew 8:1-4 (cf. Mark 1:40-45; Luke 5:12-16)

The healing of a centurion's servant 8:5-13 (cf. Luke 7:1-10)

The healing of Peter's mother-in-law 8:14-15 (cf. Mark 1:29-31; Luke 4:38-39)

The healing of many Galileans 8:16-17 (cf. Mark 1:32-34; Luke 4:40-41)

2. Jesus' authority over His disciples 8:18-22 (cf. Luke 9:57-62)

Jesus' demands regarding possessions 8:18-20

Jesus' demands regarding parents 8:21-22

3. Jesus' supernatural power 8:239:8

Jesus' stilling of a storm 8:23-27 (cf. Mark 4:36-41; Luke 8:22-25)

Jesus' deliverance of a demoniac in Gadara 8:28-34 (cf. Mark 5:1-20; Luke 8:26-39)

Jesus' healing and forgiveness of a paralytic 9:1-8 (cf. Mark 2:1-12; Luke 5:17-26)

4. Jesus' authority over His critics 9:9-17

The question of company 9:9-13 (cf. Mark 2:13-17; Luke 5:27-32)

The question of fasting 9:14-17 (cf. Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-39)

5. Jesus' ability to restore 9:18-34

The raising of Jairus' daughter and the healing of a woman with a hemorrhage 9:18-26 (cf. Mark 5:21-43; Luke 8:40-56)

The healing of two blind men 9:27-31

The casting out of a spirit that caused dumbness 9:32-34

B. Declarations of the King's presence 9:3511:1

1. Jesus' compassion 9:35-38 (cf. Mark 6:6)

2. Jesus' commissioning of 12 disciples 10:1-4 (cf. Mark 6:7; Luke 9:1-2)

3. Jesus' charge concerning His apostles' mission 10:5-42

The scope of their mission 10:5-8

The provisions for their mission 10:9-15 (cf. Mark 6:8-11; Luke 9:3-5)

The perils of their mission 10:16-25

The attitudes of the disciples 10:26-39 (cf. Luke 12:1-12)

The reward for hospitality 10:40-42

4. Jesus' continuation of His work 11:1 (cf. Mark 6:12-13; Luke 9:6)

IV. The opposition to the King 11:213:53

A. Evidences of Israel's rejection of Jesus 11:2-30

1. Questions from the King's forerunner 11:2-19

The confusion of the King's forerunner 11:2-6 (cf. Luke 7:18-23)

The commendation of the King's forerunner 11:7-11 (cf. Luke 7:24-28)

The identification of the King's forerunner 11:12-15

The dissatisfaction with the King and His forerunner 11:16-19 (cf. Luke 7:29-35)

2. Indifference to the King's message 11:20-24

3. The King's invitation to the repentant 11:25-30

B. Specific instances of Israel's rejection of Jesus ch. 12

1. Conflict over Sabbath observance 12:1-21

The Sabbath and legal observance 12:1-8 (cf. Mark 2:23-28; Luke 6:1-5)

The healing of a man with a withered hand 12:9-14 (cf. Mark 3:1-6; Luke 6:6-11)

Scriptural vindication of Jesus' ministry 12:15-21 (cf. Mark 3:7-12)

2. Conflict over Jesus' power 12:22-37 (cf. Mark 3:19-30; Luke 11:14-26)

Jesus' miracle and the response 12:22-24

Jesus' reply in view of the response 12:25-37

3. Conflict over Jesus' sign 12:38-45

4. Conflict over Jesus' kin 12:46-50 (cf. Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21)

C. Adaptations because of Israel's rejection of Jesus 13:1-53

1. The setting 13:1-3a (cf. Mark 4:1-2; Luke 8:4)

2. Parables addressed to the multitudes 13:3b-33

The parable of the soils 13:3b-9 (cf. Mark 4:3-9; Luke 8:5-8)

The first interlude about understanding the parables 13:10-23

The purpose of the parables 13:10-17 (cf. Mark 4:10-12; Luke 8:9-10)

The explanation of the parable of the soils 13:18-23 (cf. Mark 4:13-20; Luke 8:11-15)

The parable of the weeds 13:24-30

The parable of the mustard seed 13:31-32 (cf. Mark 4:30-32; Luke 13:18-19)

The parable of the yeast hidden in meal 13:33 (cf. Luke 13:20-21)

3. The function of these parables 13:34-43

The fulfillment of prophecy 13:34-35 (cf. Mark 4:33-34)

The explanation of the parable of the weeds 13:36-43

4. Parables addressed to the disciples 13:44-52

The parable of the hidden treasure 13:44

The parable of the pearl 13:45-46

The parable of the dragnet 13:47-48

The second interlude about understanding the parables 13:49-51

The explanation of the parable of the dragnet 13:49-50

The importance of understanding the parables 13:51

The parable of the homeowner 13:52

5. The departure 13:53

V. The reactions of the King 13:5419:2

A. Opposition, instruction, and healing 13:5416:12

1. The opposition of the Nazarenes and Romans 13:5414:12

The opposition of the Nazarenes 13:54-58 (cf. Mark 6:1-6)

The opposition of Herod and his friends 14:1-12 (cf. Mark 6:14-29; Luke 9:7-9)

2. The withdrawal to Bethsaida 14:13-33

Jesus' feeding of the 5,000 14:13-21 (cf. Mark 6:30-44; Luke 9:10-17; John 6:1-13)

Jesus' walking on the water 14:22-33 (cf. Mark 6:45-52; John 6:14-21)

3. The public ministry at Gennesaret 14:34-36 (cf. Mark 6:53-56)

4. The opposition of the Pharisees and scribes 15:1-20 (cf. Mark 7:1-23; John 7:1)

The charge and Jesus' response 15:1-9

Jesus' preaching and teaching about man's heart 15:10-20

5. The withdrawal to Tyre and Sidon 15:21-28 (cf. Mark 7:24-30)

6. The public ministry to Gentiles 15:29-39

Jesus' healing ministry 15:29-31 (cf. Mark 7:31-37)

Jesus' feeding of the 4,000 15:32-39 (cf. Mark 8:1-10)

7. The opposition of the Pharisees and Sadducees 16:1-12

The renewed demand for a sign 16:1-4 (cf. Mark 8:11-12)

Jesus' teaching about the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees 16:5-12 (cf. Mark 8:13-26)

B. Jesus' instruction of His disciples around Galilee 16:1319:2

1. Instruction about the King's person 16:13-17 (cf. Mark 8:27-29; Luke 9:18-20)

2. Instruction about the King's program 16:1817:13

Revelation about the church 16:18-20

Revelation about Jesus' death and resurrection 16:21-27

Jesus' passion 16:21-23 (cf. Mark 8:31-33; Luke 9:22)

The cost and reward of discipleship 16:24-27 (cf. Mark 8:34-38; Luke 9:23-26)

More revelation about the kingdom 16:2817:13

The announcement of the kingdom's appearing 16:28 (cf. Mark 9:1; Luke 9:27)

The preview of the kingdom 17:1-8 (cf. Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36)

The clarification of the kingdom's herald 17:9-13 (cf. Mark 9:9-13; Luke 9:36)

3. Instruction about the King's principles 17:14-27

The exorcism of an epileptic boy 17:14-21 (cf. Mark 9:14-29; Luke 9:37-43a)

Understanding Jesus' death and resurrection 17:22-23 (cf. Mark 9:30-32; Luke 9:43-45)

Appreciating Jesus' sonship 17:24-27

4. Instructions about the King's personal representatives ch. 18

The introduction of the theme of humility 18:1-4 (cf. Mark 9:33-36; Luke 9:46-47)

The seriousness of impeding the progress of a disciple 18:5-14 (cf. Mark 9:37-50; Luke 9:48-50)

The restoration of a wayward disciple 18:15-20

The importance of forgiving a disciple 18:21-35

5. The transition from Galilee to Judea 19:1-2 (cf. Mark 10:1)

VI. The official presentation and rejection of the King 19:325:46

A. Jesus' instruction of His disciples around Judea 19:320:34

1. Instruction about marriage 19:3-12 (cf. Mark 10:2-12)

2. Instruction about childlikeness 19:13-15 (cf. Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)

3. Instruction about wealth 19:1620:16

The encounter with the rich young ruler 19:16-22 (cf. Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23)

The teaching concerning riches 19:23-30 (cf. Mark 10:23-31; Luke 18:24-30)

The parable of the workers in the vineyard 20:1-16

4. Instruction about Jesus' passion 20:17-19 (cf. Mark 10:32-34; Luke 18:31-34)

5. Instruction about serving 20:20-28 (cf. Mark 10:35-45)

6. An illustration of illumination 20:29-34 (cf. Mark 10:46-52; Luke 18:35-43)

B. Jesus' presentation of Himself to Israel as her King 21:1-17

1. Jesus' preparation for the presentation 21:1-7 (cf. Mark 11:1-7; Luke 19:29-35; John 12:12-16)

2. Jesus' entrance into Jerusalem 21:8-11 (cf. Mark 11:8-11a; Luke 19:36-44; John 12:17-19)

3. Jesus' entrance into the temple 21:12-17 (cf. Mark 11:11b, 15-18; Luke 19:45-48)

C. Israel's rejection of her King 21:1822:46

1. The sign of Jesus' rejection of Israel 21:18-22 (cf. Mark 11:12-14, 19-25; Luke 21:37-38)

2. Rejection by the chief priests and the elders 21:2322:14 (cf. Mark 11:2712:12; Luke 20:1-19)

The issue of authority 21:23-27

The parable of the two sons 21:28-32

The parable of the wicked tenant farmers 21:33-46

The parable of the royal wedding banquet 22:1-14

3. Rejection by the Pharisees and the Herodians 22:15-22 (cf. Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26)

4. Rejection by the Sadducees 22:23-33 (cf. Mark 12:18-27; Luke 20:27-40)

5. Rejection by the Pharisees 22:34-46

A Pharisee's question of Jesus 22:34-40 (cf. Mark 12:28-34)

Jesus' question of the Pharisees 22:41-46 (cf. Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44)

D. The King's rejection of Israel ch. 23

1. Jesus' admonition of the multitudes and His disciples 23:1-12 (cf. Mark 12:38-39; Luke 20:45-46)

2. Jesus' indictment of the scribes and the Pharisees 23:13-36 (cf. Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47)

The first woe 23:13[-14]

The second woe 23:15

The third woe 23:16-22

The fourth woe 23:23-24

The fifth woe 23:25-26

The sixth woe 23:27-28

The seventh woe 23:29-36

3. Jesus' lamentation over Jerusalem 23:37-39 (cf. Luke 13:34-35)

E. The King's revelations concerning the future chs. 2425

1. The setting of these revelations 24:1-3 (cf. Mark 13:1-4; Luke 21:5-7)

2. Jesus' warning about deception 24:4-6 (cf. Mark 13:5-7; Luke 21:8-9)

3. Jesus' general description of the future 24:7-14 (cf. Mark 13:8-13; Luke 21:10-19)

4. The abomination of desolation 24:15-22 (cf. Mark 13:14-20)

5. The second coming of the King 24:23-31 (cf. Mark 13:21-27; Luke 21:25-28)

6. The responsibilities of the disciples 24:3225:30

The importance of vigilance 24:32-44

The parable of the fig tree 24:32-36 (cf. Mark 13:28-32; Luke 21:29-33)

The parable of Noah's days 24:37-39 (cf. Luke 17:26-27)

The parables of one taken and one left behind 24:40-41 (cf. Luke 17:34-35)

An exhortation to watchfulness 24:42 (cf. Mark 13:33-37; Luke 21:34-36)

The parable of the watchful homeowner 24:43-44

The importance of prudence and faithfulness 24:4525:30

The parable of the two servants 24:45-51 (cf. Luke 12:42-48)

The parable of the 10 virgins 25:1-13

The parable of the talents 25:14-30

7. The King's judgment of the nations 25:31-46

VII. The crucifixion and resurrection of the King chs. 2628

A. The King's crucifixion chs. 2627

1. Preparations for Jesus' crucifixion 26:1-46

Jesus' fourth passion prediction and the plot to betray Him 26:1-5 (cf. Mark 14:1-2; Luke 22:1-2)

Jesus' anointing for burial 26:6-13 (cf. Mark 14:3-9; John 12:1-8)

The agreement to betray Jesus 26:14-16 (cf. Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6)

Jesus' last Passover 26:17-30

Preparations for the Passover 26:17-19 (cf. Mark 14:12-16; Luke 22:7-13)

Jesus' prediction of His betrayal 26:20-25 (cf. Mark 14:17-21; Luke 22:14-16, 21-30; John 13:21-30)

Jesus' institution of the Lord's Supper 26:26-30 (cf. Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:17-20; 1 Cor. 11:23-26)

Jesus' prediction of the disciples' abandonment and denial 26:31-35 (cf. Mark 14:27-31; Luke 22:31-38; John 13:31-38)

Jesus' prayer to His Father in Gethsemane 26:36-46 (cf. Mark 14:32-42; Luke 22:40-46)

2. The arrest of Jesus 26:47-56 (cf. Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:2-12)

3. The trials of Jesus 26:5727:26

The trial before the Sanhedrin 26:57-68 (cf. Mark 14:53-65; Luke 22:54, 63-65)

Peter's denials of Jesus 26:69-75 (cf. Mark 14:66-72; Luke 22:55-62; John 18:15-18, 25-27)

The formal decision of the Sanhedrin 27:1-2 (cf. Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-71)

The suicide of Judas 27:3-10 (cf. Acts 1:18-19)

The trial before Pilate 27:11-26 (cf. Mark 15:2-15; Luke 23:3-25; John 18:3319:16)

4. The crucifixion of Jesus 27:27-56

The soldiers' abuse of Jesus 27:27-31 (cf. Mark 15:16-20; John 19:16-17a)

The crucifixion and mockery of Jesus 27:32-44 (cf. Mark 15:21-32; Luke 23:26-43; John 19:17b-27)

The death of Jesus 27:45-50 (cf. Mark 15:33-37; Luke 23:44-46; John 19:28-30)

The immediate results of Jesus' death 27:51-56 (cf. Mark 15:38-41; Luke 23:45, 47-49)

5. The burial of Jesus 27:57-66

The placing of Jesus in the tomb 27:57-61 (cf. Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56; John 19:31-42)

The guarding of Jesus' tomb 27:62-66

B. The King's resurrection ch. 28

1. The empty tomb 28:1-7 (cf. Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-8; John 20:1)

2. Jesus' appearance to the women 28:8-10

3. The attempted cover-up 28:11-15

4. The King's final instructions to His disciples 28:16-20 (cf. Mark 16:15-18; 1 Cor. 15:6)

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Appendix 4

Appendix 5

Appendix 6

Appendix 7

Appendix 8

End Maps

Bibliography