Table of Contents

 

Introduction

Writer

Distinctive Features

Purposes

Original Audience

Literary Characteristics

Date

Outline

Message

Exposition

I. Introduction 1:1-4

II. The birth and childhood of Jesus 1:52:52

A. The announcement of John the Baptist's birth 1:5-25

1. The introduction of John's parents 1:5-7

2. The angel's announcement to Zechariah 1:8-23

3. The pregnancy of Elizabeth 1:24-25

B. The announcement of Jesus' birth 1:26-56

1. The introduction of Mary and Joseph 1:26-27

2. The angel's announcement to Mary 1:28-38

3. Mary's visit to Elizabeth 1:39-56

C. The birth and early life of John the Baptist 1:57-80

1. The naming of John 1:57-66

2. Zechariah's song of praise 1:67-79

3. The preparation of John 1:80

D. The birth and early life of Jesus ch. 2

1. The setting of Jesus' birth 2:1-7

2. The announcement to the shepherds 2:8-20

3. Jesus' circumcision 2:21

4. Jesus' presentation in the temple 2:22-38

5. Jesus' development in Nazareth 2:39-40

6. Jesus' visit to the temple as a boy 2:41-50

7. Jesus' continuing growth 2:51-52

III. The preparation for Jesus' ministry 3:14:13

A. The ministry of John the Baptist 3:1-20

1. The beginning of John's ministry 3:1-6 (cf. Matt. 3:1-6; Mark 1:1-6)

2. John's preaching 3:7-18 (cf. Matt. 3:7-12; Mark 1:7-8)

3. The end of John's ministry 3:19-20

B. The baptism of Jesus 3:21-22 (cf. Matt. 3:13-17; Mark 1:9-11; John 1:29-34)

C. The genealogy of Jesus 3:23-38 (cf. Matt. 1:1-17)

D. The temptation of Jesus 4:1-13 (cf. Matt. 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13)

IV. Jesus' ministry in and around Galilee 4:149:50

A. Jesus' teaching ministry 4:145:11

1. An introduction to Jesus' Galilean ministry 4:14-15 (cf. Matt. 4:17; Mark 1:14-15)

2. Jesus' teaching in Nazareth 4:16-30

3. Jesus' ministry in and around Capernaum 4:31-44

The exorcism of a demoniac in the Capernaum synagogue 4:31-37 (cf. Mark 1:21-28)

The healing of Peter's mother-in-law 4:38-39 (cf. Matt. 8:14-15; Mark 1:29-31)

Jesus' healing of many Galileans after sundown 4:40-41 (cf. Matt. 8:16-17; Mark 1:32-34)

Jesus' first preaching tour of Galilee 4:42-44 (cf. Mark 1:35-39)

4. The call of Peter, James, and John 5:1-11 (cf. Matt. 4:18-22; Mark 1:16-20)

B. The beginning of controversy with the Pharisees 5:126:11

1. Jesus' cleansing of a leprous Jew 5:12-16 (cf. Matt. 8:1-4; Mark 1:40-45)

2. Jesus' authority to forgive sins 5:17-26 (cf. Matt. 9:1-8; Mark 2:1-12)

3. Jesus' attitude toward sinners 5:27-32 (cf. Matt. 9:9-13; Mark 2:13-17)

4. Jesus' attitude toward fasting 5:33-39 (cf. Matt. 9:14-17; Mark 2:18-22)

5. Jesus' authority over the Sabbath 6:1-5 (cf. Matt. 12:1-8; Mark 2:23-28)

6. Jesus' attitude toward the Sabbath 6:6-11 (cf. Matt. 12: 9-14; Mark 3:1-6)

C. Jesus' teaching of His disciples 6:12-49

1. The selection of 12 disciples 6:12-16 (cf. Mark 3:13-19)

2. The assembling of the people 6:17-19 (cf. Matt. 5:1-2)

3. The Sermon on the Mount 6:20-49

The choices of disciples 6:20-26

The Beatitudes 6:20-23 (cf. Matt. 5:3-10)

The Woes 6:24-26

The conduct of disciples 6:27-38 (cf. Matt. 5:43-48; 7:1-2)

The character of disciples 6:39-49

The parable of the blind guide 6:39-42 (cf. Matt. 7:3-5)

The parable of the two trees 6:43-44 (cf. Matt. 7:15-20)

The parable of the two men 6:45 (cf. Matt. 12:35)

The parable of the two claims 6:46 (cf. Matt. 7:21-23)

The parable of the two builders 6:47-49 (cf. Matt. 7:24-27)

D. Jesus' compassion for people ch. 7

1. The healing of a centurion's servant 7:1-10 (cf. Matt. 8:5-13)

2. The raising of a widow's son 7:11-17

3. The confusion about Jesus' identity 7:18-35

Jesus' response to John the Baptist's inquiry 7:18-23 (cf. Matt. 11:2-6)

Jesus' testimony to John's identity 7:24-28 (cf. Matt. 11:7-11)

Jesus' condemnation of His unbelieving generation 7:29-35 (cf. Matt. 11:16-19)

4. The anointing by a sinful woman 7:36-50

E. Jesus' teaching in parables 8:1-21

1. The companions and supporters of Jesus 8:1-3

2. The parable of the soils 8:4-15

The giving of the parable 8:4-8 (cf. Matt. 13:1-9; Mark 4:1-9)

The reason for using parables 8:9-10 (cf. Matt. 13:10-17; Mark 4:10-12)

The meaning of the parable 8:11-15 (Matt. 13:18-23; Mark 4:13-20)

3. The parable of the lamp 8:16-18 (cf. Mark 4:21-25)

4. The true family of Jesus 8:19-21 (cf. Matt. 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35)

F. Jesus' mighty works 8:22-56

1. The stilling of a storm 8:22-25 (cf. Matt. 8:18, 23-27; Mark 4:35-41)

2. The deliverance of a demoniac in Gadara 8:26-39 (cf. Matt. 8:28-34; Mark 5:1-20)

3. The healing of a woman with a hemorrhage and the raising of Jairus' daughter 8:40-56

Jairus' request 8:40-42a (cf. Matt. 9:18-19; Mark 5:21-23)

The healing of the woman with a hemorrhage 8:42b-48 (cf. Matt. 9:20-22; Mark 5:24-34)

The raising of Jairus' daughter 8:49-56 (cf. Matt. 9:23-26; Mark 5:35-43)

G. Jesus' preparation of the Twelve 9:1-50

1. The mission of the Twelve to Israel 9:1-6 (cf. Matt. 9:3511:1; Mark 6:6b-13)

2. Herod's question about Jesus' identity 9:7-9 (cf. Matt. 14:1-3; Mark 6:14-16)

3. The feeding of the 5,000 9:10-17 (cf. Matt. 14:13-21; Mark 6:30-44; John 6:1-13)

4. Peter's confession of faith 9:18-27

Jesus' question and Peter's reply 9:18-20 (cf. Matt. 16:13-16; Mark 8:27-29)

Jesus' prediction of His passion 9:21-22 (cf. Matt. 16:17-23; Mark 8:30-33)

The implications for the disciples 9:23-27 (cf. Matt. 16:24-28; Mark 8:349:1)

5. The Transfiguration 9:28-36 (cf. Matt. 17:1-8; Mark 9:2-8)

6. The exorcism of an epileptic boy 9:37-43a (cf. Matt. 17:14-20; Mark 9:14-29)

7. Jesus' announcement of His betrayal 9:43b-45 (cf. Matt. 17:22-23; Mark 9:30-32)

8. The pride of the disciples 9:46-50

The glorification of self 9:46-48 (cf. Matt. 18:1-5; Mark 9:33-37)

The exclusion of others 9:49-50 (cf. Mark 9:38-40)

V. Jesus' ministry on the way to Jerusalem 9:5119:27

A. The responsibilities and rewards of discipleship 9:5110:24

1. The importance of toleration 9:51-56

2. The importance of self-denial 9:57-62 (cf. Matt. 8:19-22)

3. The importance of participation 10:1-16

4. The joy of participation 10:17-20

5. The joy of comprehension 10:21-24

B. The relationships of disciples 10:2511:13

1. The relation of disciples to their neighbors 10:25-37

The lawyer's question and Jesus' answer 10:25-29

The parable of the good Samaritan 10:30-37

2. The relation of disciples to Jesus 10:38-42

3. The relation of disciples to God the Father 11:1-13

The Lord's Prayer 11:1-4 (cf. Matt. 6:9-13)

The parable of the shameless friend 11:5-8

Encouragements to pray 11:9-13

A promise from Jesus 11:9-10

An argument from logic 11:11-13

C. The results of popular opposition 11:14-54

1. The Beelzebul controversy 11:14-26 (cf. Matt. 12:22-37; Mark 3:19-30)

2. The importance of observing God's Word 11:27-28

3. The sign of Jonah 11:29-32 (cf. Matt. 12:38-42; Mark 8:11-12)

4. The importance of responding to the light 11:33-36

The parable of the hidden lamp 11:33 (cf. Matt. 5:15)

The parable of the bad eye 11:34-36 (cf. Matt. 6:22-23)

5. The climax of Pharisaic opposition 11:37-54 (cf. Matt. 23:1-36; Mark 12:38-40)

The question of true cleanliness 11:37-41

Three woes against the Pharisees 11:42-44

Three woes against the lawyers 11:45-52

The hostility of the Pharisees and lawyers 11:53-54

D. The instruction of the disciples in view of Jesus' rejection 12:113:17

1. The importance of fearless confession 12:1-12 (cf. Matt. 10:19-20, 26-33)

The leaven of the Pharisees 12:1-3

Preparing for judgment 12:4-12

2. The importance of the eternal perspective 12:13-21

The temptation of greed 12:13-15

The parable of the rich fool 12:16-21

3. God's provisions for disciples 12:22-34 (cf. Matt. 6:25-34)

4. The coming of the Son of Man 12:35-48

The importance of readiness 12:35-40

Jesus' encouragement 12:35

The parable of the faithful servants 12:36-38

The importance of watchfulness 12:39-40

The importance of faithfulness 12:41-48

Peter's question 12:41

The parable of the two servants 12:42-48 (cf. Matt 24:45-51)

5. The coming distress 12:49-59

Division over Jesus 12:49-53 (cf. Matt. 10:34-36)

Decision for Jesus 12:54-59

6. A call to repentance 13:1-9

The need for repentance 13:1-5

The parable of the fruitless fig tree 13:6-9

7. A sign of Jesus' ability to effect change 13:10-17

E. Instruction about the kingdom 13:1814:35

1. Parables of the kingdom 13:18-21

The parable of the mustard seed 13:18-19 (cf. Matt. 13:31-32; Mark 4:30-32)

The parable of the yeast hidden in meal 13:20-21 (cf. Matt. 13:33)

2. Entrance into the kingdom 13:22-30

3. Jesus' postponement of the kingdom 13:31-35

4. Participants in the kingdom 14:1-24

The healing of a man with dropsy 14:1-6

The parable of the seats at the wedding feast 14:7-11

The lesson about inviting guests 14:12-14

The parable of the great banquet 14:15-24

5. The cost of discipleship 14:25-35

The setting of these parables 14:25-27

The parable of the tower builder 14:28-30

The parable of the king going to battle 14:31-33

The importance of following Jesus faithfully 14:34-35

F. God's attitude toward sinners ch. 15

1. The setting for Jesus' teaching 15:1-2

2. The parable of the lost sheep 15:3-7 (cf. Matt. 18:12-14)

3. The parable of the lost coin 15:8-10

4. The parable of the lost son 15:11-32

The younger son 15:11-24

The older brother 15:25-32

G. Jesus' warnings about riches ch. 16

1. Discipleship as stewardship 16:1-13

The parable of the shrewd manager 16:1-9

The implications of heavenly stewardship 16:10-13

2. Jesus' rebuke of the Pharisees for their greed 16:14-31

The importance of submission to God's Word 16:14-18

The parable of the rich man and Lazarus 16:19-31

H. Jesus' warning about disciples' actions and attitudes 17:1-19

1. The prevention of sin and the restoration of sinners 17:1-4

2. The disciples' attitude toward their duty 17:5-10

The importance of trusting God 17:5-6

The parable of the unworthy servant 17:7-10

3. The importance of gratitude 17:11-19

I. Jesus' teaching about His return 17:2018:8

1. A short lesson for the Pharisees 17:20-21

2. A longer explanation for the disciples 17:22-37

Characteristics of the last days 17:22-33

The parable of the one taken and the one left 17:34-36

What to look for 17:37

3. The parable of the persistent widow 18:1-8

J. The recipients of salvation 18:919:27

1. The parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector 18:9-14

2. An illustration of humility 18:15-17 (cf. Matt. 10:13-16; Mark 19:13-15)

3. The handicap of wealth 18:18-30

Jesus' encounter with the rich young ruler 18:18-23 (cf. Matt. 19:16-22; Mark 10:17-22)

Jesus' teaching about riches 18:24-30 (cf. Matt. 19:23-30; Mark 10:23-31)

4. Jesus' passion announcement and the disciples' lack of perception 18:31-34 (cf. Matt. 20:17-19; Mark 10:32-34)

5. The healing of a blind man near Jericho 18:35-43 (cf. Matt. 20:29-34; Mark 10:46-52)

6. Zaccheus' ideal response to Jesus 19:1-10

7. The parable of the minas 19:11-27

VI. Jesus' ministry in Jerusalem 19:2821:38

A. The Triumphal Entry 19:28-40 (cf. Matt. 21:1-9; Mark 11:1-10; John 12:12-19)

B. The beginning of Jesus' ministry in Jerusalem 19:41-48

1. Jesus' sorrow over Jerusalem 19:41-44

2. Jesus' cleansing of the temple 19:45-46 (cf. Matt. 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-17)

3. A synopsis of Jesus' teaching in the temple 19:47-48 (cf. Mark 11:18)

C. Jesus' teachings in the temple 20:121:4

1. The controversy over authority 20:1-8 (cf. Matt. 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33)

2. The parable of the wicked tenant farmers 20:9-19 (cf. Matt. 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12)

3. The question of tribute to Caesar 20:20-26 (cf. 22:15-22; Mark 12:13-17)

4. The problem of the resurrection 20:27-40 (cf. Matt. 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27)

5. Jesus' question about David's son 20:41-44 (cf. Matt. 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37)

6. Jesus' condemnation of the scribes 20:45-47 (cf. Matt. 23:1-39; Mark 12:38-40)

7. Jesus' commendation of a widow 21:1-4 (cf. Mark 12:41-44)

D. Jesus' teaching about the destruction of the temple 21:5-36

1. The setting and the warning about being misled 21:5-9 (cf. Matt. 24:1-6; Mark 13:1-6)

2. The need for faithful perseverance 21:10-19 (cf. Matt. 24:7-10; Mark 13:8-13)

3. The judgment coming on Jerusalem 21:20-24

4. The second coming of the Son of Man 21:25-28 (cf. Matt. 24:29-31; Mark 13:24-27)

5. The certainty of these events 21:29-33 (cf. Matt. 24:32-35; Mark 13:28-31)

6. The concluding exhortation to watchfulness 21:34-36 (cf. Matt. 24:42; Mark 13:33-37)

E. A summary of Jesus' ministry in Jerusalem 21:37-38

VII. Jesus' passion, resurrection, and ascension chs. 2224

A. The plot to arrest Jesus 22:1-6

1. The leaders' desire 22:1-2 (cf. Matt. 26:1-5; Mark 14:1-2)

2. Judas' offer 22:3-6 (cf. Matt. 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11)

B. The preparations for the Passover 22:7-13 (cf. Matt. 26:17-19; Mark 14:12-16)

C. Events in the upper room 22:14-38

1. The Passover meal 22:14-18

The writer's introduction to these events 22:14 (cf. Matt. 26:20; Mark 14:17)

Jesus' words of welcome 22:15-16

The drinking of the cup 22:17-18

2. The institution of the Lord's Supper 22:19-20 (cf. Matt. 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; 1 Cor. 11:23-26)

3. Jesus' announcement of His betrayal 22:21-23 (cf. Matt. 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; John 13:21-30)

4. Teaching about the disciples' service 22:24-30

The disciples' concern for their greatness 22:24-27

The future role of the Twelve 22:28-30

5. Jesus' announcement of Peter's denial 22:31-34 (cf. Matt. 26:31-35; Mark 14:27-31; John 13:36-38)

6. The opposition to come 22:35-38

D. The arrest of Jesus 22:39-53

1. Jesus' preparation in Gethsemane 22:39-46 (cf. Matt. 26:30, 36-46; Mark 14:26, 32-42; John 18:1)

2. Judas' betrayal 22:47-53 (cf. Matt. 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; John 18:2-12)

E. The trials of Jesus 22:5423:25

1. Peter's denial of Jesus 22:54-62 (cf. Matt. 26:69-75; Mark 14:66-72; John 18:15-18, 25-27)

2. The mockery of the soldiers 22:63-65 (cf. Matt. 26:67-68; Mark 14:65)

3. Jesus' trial before the Sanhedrin 22:66-71 (cf. Matt. 27:1; Mark 15:1a)

4. Jesus' first appearance before Pilate 23:1-7 (cf. Matt. 27:2, 11-14; Mark 15:1b-5; John 18:28-38)

5. Jesus' appearance before Herod 23:8-12

6. Jesus' second appearance before Pilate 23:13-25 (cf. Matt. 27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15; John 18:3919:16)

F. The crucifixion of Jesus 23:26-49

1. Events on the way to Golgotha 23:26-32

The example of Simon of Cyrene 23:26 (cf. Matt. 27:32; Mark 15:21)

The fate of the guilty predicted 23:27-31

The criminals crucified with Jesus 23:32

2. Jesus' death 23:33-49

The mockery of Jesus' crucifixion 23:33-38 (cf. Matt. 27:33-43; Mark 15:22-32; John 19:18-24)

The salvation of one criminal 23:39-43

Jesus' self-sacrifice to God 23:44-49 (cf. Matt. 27:45-56; Mark 15:33-41; John 19:28-30)

G. The burial of Jesus 23:50-56 (cf. Matt. 27:57-66; Mark 15:42-47; John 19:31-42)

H. The resurrection of Jesus 24:1-12 (cf. Matt. 28:1-8; Mark 16:1-8; John 20:1-10)

I. The post-resurrection appearances of Jesus 24:13-49

1. The appearance to the disciples walking to Emmaus 24:13-35

2. The appearances to the disciples in Jerusalem 24:36-49

The proof of Jesus' bodily resurrection 24:36-43 (cf. Mark 16:14-18; John 20:19-23)

The mission of Jesus' disciples 24:44-49 (cf. Acts 1:3-8)

J. The ascension of Jesus 24:50-53 (cf. Mark 16:19-20; Acts 1:9-12)

Appendix

End Maps

Bibliography