Table of Contents

 

Introduction

Historical Background

Outline

Message

Exposition

I. Introduction 1:1-9

A. Salutation 1:1-3

B. Thanksgiving 1:4-9

II. Conditions reported to Paul 1:106:20

A. Divisions in the church 1:104:21

1. The manifestation of the problem 1:10-17

2. The gospel as a contradiction to human wisdom 1:182:5

The folly of a crucified Messiah 1:18-25

The folly of the Corinthian believers 1:26-31

The folly of Paul's preaching 2:1-5

3. The Spirit's ministry of revealing God's wisdom 2:6-16

4. The immature and carnal conditions 3:1-4

5. The role of God's servants 3:5-17

Fellow workers under God 3:5-9

Builders of God's temple 3:10-15

A warning against destroying the church 3:16-17

6. Human wisdom and limited blessing 3:18-23

7. The Corinthians' relationship with Paul ch. 4

Judging God's servants 4:1-5

Taking pride in the wrong things 4:6-13

A final appeal and exhortation 4:14-21

B. Lack of discipline in the church chs. 56

1. Incest in the church ch. 5

Paul's judgment of this case 5:1-5

The analogy of the Passover 5:6-8

The Christian's relationship to fornicators 5:9-13

2. Litigation in the church 6:1-11

The shame on the church 6:1-6

Paul's judgment in the matter 6:7-11

3. Prostitution in the church 6:12-20

Refutation of the Corinthians' false premises 6:12-14

Arguments against participating in prostitution 6:15-17

The reason participating in prostitution is wrong 6:18-20

III. Questions asked of Paul 7:116:12

A. Marriage and related matters ch. 7

1. Advice to the married or formerly married 7:1-16

The importance of sexual relations in marriage 7:1-7

The legitimate option of singleness 7:8-9

No divorce for Christians whose mates are believers 7:10-11

No divorce for Christians whose mates are unbelievers 7:12-16

2. Basic principles 7:17-24

3. Advice concerning virgins 7:25-40

The advantage of the single state 7:25-28

Reasons for remaining single 7:29-35

The legitimacy of marriage 7:36-40

B. Food offered to idols 8:111:1

1. The priority of love over knowledge in Christian conduct ch. 8

Knowledge and love compared 8:1-3

The content of the way of knowledge 8:4-6

The criterion of care for a brother 8:7-13

2. Paul's apostolic defense ch. 9

Apostolic identity 9:1-2

Apostolic rights 9:3-14

Apostolic restraint 9:15-18

Apostolic freedom 9:19-23

Apostolic exhortation and example 9:24-27

3. The sinfulness of idolatry 10:1-22

The tragic example of Israel 10:1-5

The application of Israel's example 10:6-13

The incompatibility of Christianity and idolatry 10:14-22

4. The issue of marketplace food 10:2311:1

C. Propriety in worship 11:2-16

1. The argument from culture 11:2-6

2. The argument from creation 11:7-12

3. The argument from propriety 11:13-16

D. The Lord's Supper 11:17-34

1. The abuses 11:17-26

Abuse of the poor 11:17-22

Abuse of the Lord 11:23-26

2. The correctives 11:27-34

Discerning the body 11:27-32

Waiting for one another 11:33-34

E. Spiritual gifts and spiritual people chs. 1214

1. The test of Spirit control 12:1-3

2. The need for varieties of spiritual gifts 12:4-31

Diversity in the Godhead and the gifts 12:4-11

The body and its members 12:12-14

The application of the figure 12:15-26

The fact of diversity restated 12:27-31

3. The supremacy of love ch. 13

The necessity of love 13:1-3

The character of love 13:4-7

The permanence of love 13:8-13

4. The need for intelligibility 14:1-25

The superiority of prophecy to tongues 14:1-5

Supporting analogies 14:6-12

Application in view of believers 14:13-19

Application in view of unbelievers 14:20-25

5. The need for order 14:26-40

The ordering of these gifts 14:26-33

The ordering of the women 14:34-35

Concluding confrontation 14:36-40

F. The resurrection of believers ch. 15

l. The resurrection of Jesus Christ 15:1-11

2. The certainty of resurrection 15:12-34

The negative alternative 15:12-19

The positive reality 15:20-28

Other arguments for resurrection 15:29-34

3. The resurrection body 15:35-49

Analogies from nature 15:35-44

The analogy from Scripture 15:45-49

4. The assurance of victory over death 15:50-58

G. The collection for the Jerusalem believers 16:1-12

1. Arrangements for the collection 16:1-4

2. The travel plans of Paul and his fellow apostles 16:5-12

IV. Conclusion 16:13-24

A. Final exhortations 16:13-18

B. Final greetings and benediction 16:19-24

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Bibliography