Table of Contents

 

Introduction

Title

Writers

Dates and organization

Scope

Subject Matter

Genre

Types

Quotations

Theology

Values

Structure

Outline

Message

Exposition

I. Book 1 chs. 141

Psalm 1

1. The blessed person 1:1-3

2. The wicked 1:4

3. The judgment 1:5-6

Psalm 2

1. The nations' rebellion 2:1-3

2. The Lord's resolution 2:4-6

3. The king's declaration 2:7-9

4. The psalmist's exhortation 2:10-12

Psalm 3

1. Present danger 3:1-2

2. Present deliverance 3:3-6

3. Ultimate victory 3:7-8

Psalm 4

1. Prayer to God 4:1

2. Warning for enemies 4:2-5

3. Confidence in God 4:6-8

Psalm 5

1. Prayer to be heard 5:1-3

2. Praise for God's holiness 5:4-7

3. Prayer for guidance 5:8-12

Psalm 6

1. Plea for relief 6:1-3

2. Prayer for deliverance 6:4-5

3. Lament over illness 6:6-7

4. Assurance of recovery 6:8-10

Psalm 7

1. Petition for rescue 7:1-2

2. Protestation of innocence 7:3-5

3. Appeal for vindication 7:6-9

4. Description of justice 7:10-16

5. Promise to praise 7:17

Psalm 8

1. Introductory reflection on God's majesty 8:1-2

2. Man's place in God's creation 8:3-8

3. Concluding reflection on God's majesty 8:9

Psalm 9

1. Praise for righteous judgment 9:1-12

2. Petition for present deliverance 9:13-20

Psalm 10

1. Description of the wicked 10:1-11

2. Cry for vengeance 10:12-18

Psalm 11

1. Counsel of despair 11:1-3

2. Confidence in God 11:4-7

Psalm 12

1. Plea for deliverance 12:1-4

2. Assurance of deliverance 12:5

3. Confidence in God's promise 12:6-8

Psalm 13

1. Lament over prolonged suffering 13:1-2

2. Petition for an answer 13:3-4

3. Trust in eventual deliverance 13:5-6

Psalm 14

1. David's appraisal of humanity 14:1-3

2. God's punishment of the wicked 14:4-6

3. David's longing for God's kingdom 14:7

Psalm 15

1. David's question 15:1

2. David's answer 15:2-5

Psalm 16

1. Joy in present distress 16:1-8

2. Confidence in future deliverance 16:9-11

Psalm 17

1. The plea of the righteous 17:1-5

2. The petition for protection 17:6-12

3. The prospect for the future 17:13-15

Psalm 18

1. God's character 18:1-3

2. God's deliverance 18:4-29

3. God's blessings 18:30-50

Psalm 19

1. Revelation from nature 19:1-6

2. Revelation from Scripture 19:7-11

3. Prayer for cleansing 19:12-14

Psalm 20

1. The intercession of the people 20:1-5

2. The assurance of the king 20:6-8

3. The repeated intercession of the people 20:9

Psalm 21

1. Joy in God's strength 21:1-7

2. Anticipation of further blessing 21:8-12

3. Vow to praise 21:13

Psalm 22

1. Frustration and faith 22:1-10

David's frustration and God's faithfulness to his forefathers 22:1-5

David's humiliation and God's faithfulness to him 22:6-10

2. Foes and fatigue 22:11-18

David's cry for help 22:11

David's enemies and agony 22:12-15

David's enemies and agony restated 22:16-18

3. Prayer for freedom from death 22:19-21

4. Praise and encouragement 22:22-31

Psalm 23

1. God as leader 23:1-4

2. God as provider 23:5

3. The believer's response 23:6

Psalm 24

1. Ascent to the sanctuary 24:1-6

2. Entry of the King 24:7-10

Psalm 25

1. Requests for guidance and pardon 25:1-7

2. Repetition of the request 25:8-22

Psalm 26

1. Assertion of integrity 26:1-3

2. Proof of integrity 26:4-8

3. Prayer for reward 26:9-12

Psalm 27

1. Confidence in spite of danger 27:1-3

2. The source of security 27:4-6

3. Prayer for speedy help 27:7-14

Psalm 28

1. Urgent petition for deliverance 28:1-4

2. Confident praise for deliverance 28:5-8

3. Final request for deliverance 28:9

Psalm 29

1. A call to praise Yahweh 29:1-2

2. Reasons to praise Yahweh 29:3-9

3. The sovereignty of Yahweh 29:10-11

Psalm 30

1. David's deliverance from God's chastening 30:1-5

2. The reason for David's discipline 30:6-10

3. David's thanksgiving for God's mercy 30:11-12

Psalm 31

1. David's cry for rescue 31:1-2

2. David's confidence in God's love 31:3-8

3. David's lament over his danger 31:9-13

4. David's prayer for deliverance 31:14-18

5. David's praise of God 31:19-22

6. David's exhortation to the godly 31:23-24

Psalm 32

1. The blessing of forgiveness 32:1-2

2. The chastening of the unrepentant 32:3-5

3. The counsel of the forgiven 32:6-11

Psalm 33

1. A call to praise the Lord skillfully 33:1-3

2. Reasons to praise the Lord 33:4-19

3. A fresh commitment to trust in the Lord 33:20-22

Psalm 34

1. God's goodness to His people 34:1-10

2. God's blessing of the righteous 34:11-22

Psalm 35

1. A prayer for deliverance 35:1-10

2. A lament over unjust opposition 35:11-18

3. A petition for justice 35:19-28

Psalm 36

1. Revelation concerning the wicked 36:1-4

2. Reflection concerning the Lord 36:5-9

3. Request concerning the future 36:10-12

Psalm 37

1. A call to continuing trust 37:1-8

2. The assurance of just punishment 37:9-22

3. The assurance of God's care for the just 37:23-31

4. The conflict between the wicked and the righteous 37:32-40

Psalm 38

1. God's discipline 38:1-12

2. David's hope 38:13-22

Psalm 39

1. The brevity of life 39:1-6

2. The importance of faith in God 39:7-13

Psalm 40

1. Thanksgiving for salvation 40:1-10

2. Petition for salvation 40:11-17

Psalm 41

1. God's blessings on the merciful 41:1-3

2. God's punishment of the treacherous 41:4-9

3. God's deliverance of the upright 41:10-13

II. Book 2: chs. 4272

Psalm 42

1. The psalmist's longing for God 42:1-5

2. The psalmist's lamentation because of his enemies 42:6-11

Psalm 43

1. Prayer for vindication 43:1-3

2. Promise to praise 43:4

3. Prompting to trust 43:5

Psalm 44

1. The reason for Israel's present trust in the Lord 44:1-8

2. Israel's present defeated condition 44:9-16

3. The nation's continuing trust in the Lord 44:17-22

4. A prayer requesting divine intervention 44:23-26

Psalm 45

1. Praise for the bridegroom 45:1-9

2. Advice for the bride 45:10-15

3. Benediction on the couple 45:16-17

Psalm 46

1. God's defense of His people 46:1-3

2. God's presence in Zion 46:4-7

3. God's exaltation in the earth 46:8-11

Psalm 47

1. The sovereign King's homage 47:1-4

2. The sovereign King's reign 47:5-9

Psalm 48

1. Zion's privilege 48:1-3

2. Zion's security 48:4-8

3. Zion's joy 48:9-14

Psalm 49

1. Invitation to hear wisdom 49:1-4

2. Observation of the prosperity of the wicked 49:5-12

3. Encouragement to trust in God 49:13-20

Psalm 50

1. The heavenly Judge 50:1-6

2. Charge 1: formalistic worship 50:7-15

3. Charge 2: hypocritical living 50:16-21

4. A final warning 50:22-23

Psalm 51

1. Prayer for gracious cleansing 51:1-2

2. Confession of gross sin 51:3-6

3. Petition for restoration 51:7-12

4. Promise of grateful service 51:13-17

5. Request for Israel's prosperity 51:18-19

Psalm 52

1. God's destruction of the treacherous 52:1-7

2. God's deliverance of the trusting 52:8-9

Psalm 53

1. Reflection on the human race 53:1-3

2. Anticipation of judgment 53:4-5

3. Yearning for God's reign 53:6

Psalm 54

1. Prayer for deliverance 54:1-3

2. Confidence in God 54:4-7

Psalm 55

1. A cry out of agony 55:1-8

2. A request out of deceit 55:9-15

3. A call out of confidence 55:16-23

Psalm 56

1. The opposition of ungodly enemies 56:1-7

2. The confidence of the psalmist 56:8-13

Psalm 57

1. The psalmist's need for God's help 57:1-5

2. The psalmist's confidence that God would help 57:6-11

Psalm 58

1. The marks of crooked judges 58:1-5

2. The punishment of crooked judges 58:6-9

3. The rejoicing of the just 58:10-11

Psalm 59

1. The conspiracy of David's enemies 59:1-5

2. David's triumph over his enemies 59:6-10

3. David's desire for God's glory 59:11-13

4. David's joy in view of certain deliverance 59:14-17

Psalm 60

1. A cry for deliverance in battle 60:1-5

2. A reminder of assured victory 60:6-8

3. An expression of confidence in God 60:9-12

Psalm 61

1. Request for salvation 61:1-2

2. Confidence in God 61:3-7

3. Promise of praise 61:8

Psalm 62

1. David's example of trust in God 62:1-4

2. David's encouragement to trust in God 62:5-8

3. David's entreaty to trust only in God 62:9-12

Psalm 63

1. David's thirst for God 63:1-2

2. David's satisfaction with God 63:3-8

3. David's confidence in God 63:9-11

Psalm 64

1. A plea for protection 64:1-2

2. The ploys of persecutors 64:3-6

3. A prediction of punishment 64:7-10

Psalm 65

1. God's forgiveness 65:1-4

2. God's power 65:5-8

3. God's bounty 65:9-13

Psalm 66

1. The nations' praise 66:1-12

2. The psalmist's praise 66:13-20

Psalm 67

1. God's grace to His people 67:1-2

2. God's praise from His people 67:3-7

Psalm 68

1. A prayer for God to scatter His enemies 68:1-6

2. The record of God scattering His enemies 68:7-18

3. The effect of God's scattering His enemies 68:19-31

4. The proper response to God scattering His enemies 68:32-35

Psalm 69

1. The unwarranted hatred of David's enemies 69:1-4

2. The reason for and the results of David's condition 69:5-12

3. David's appeal to God in prayer 69:13-28

4. David's resolution to praise God 69:29-36

Psalm 70

1. A plea for immediate help 70:1-3

2. A prayer for God's glory 70:4-5

Psalm 71

1. A prayer for the Lord's help 71:1-4

2. A review of the psalmist's faith 71:5-13

3. A new commitment to continued trust 71:14-24

Psalm 72

1. A plea for ability to rule well 72:1-7

2. A plea for wide influence 72:8-14

3. The consequences of a wide reign of justice 72:15-20

III. Book 3: chs. 7389

Psalm 73

1. The present prosperity of the wicked 73:1-14

2. The future destiny of the wicked and the righteous 73:15-28

Psalm 74

1. A call for God to remember His people 74:1-2

2. A lament over the enemy's destruction 74:3-9

3. An appeal for divine help 74:10-17

4. An appeal to the covenant 74:18-23

Psalm 75

1. God's appointment of judgment 75:1-3

2. God's character as Judge 75:4-8

3. God's glory for judging 75:9-10

Psalm 76

1. The manifestation of God's judgment 76:1-3

2. The justice of God's judgment 76:4-10

3. The fearful character of God's judgments 76:11-12

Psalm 77

1. Asaph's problem 77:1-9

2. Asaph's solution 77:10-20

Psalm 78

1. Introduction to the instruction 78:1-8

2. A notable defection 78:9-11

3. The record of God's goodness and Israel's unfaithfulness 78:12-72

Psalm 79

1. A lament over Jerusalem's destruction 79:1-4

2. A plea for deliverance 79:5-12

3. A promise of future praise 79:13

Psalm 80

1. An appeal to Israel's Shepherd 80:1-3

2. A lament due to divine discipline 80:4-7

3. Israel's downtrodden condition 80:8-14a

4. An appeal for deliverance 80:14b-19

Psalm 81

1. A call to the celebration 81:1-5

2. A report of God's communication 81:6-16

Psalm 82

1. The Judge of the judges 82:1

2. The indictment of the judges 82:2-7

3. The call for divine judgment 82:8

Psalm 83

1. The danger of destruction 83:1-8

2. The desire for deliverance 83:9-18

Psalm 84

1. Longing for the Lord's presence 84:1-4

2. Travelling to the temple 84:5-7

3. Praying on the way 84:8-12

Psalm 85

1. Thanksgiving and petition 85:1-7

2. Trust and confidence 85:8-13

Psalm 86

1. A request for protection 86:1-10

2. A request for greater understanding 86:11-13

3. A request for strength 86:14-17

Psalm 87

1. The importance of Zion 87:1-3

2. The population of Zion 87:4-6

3. The joy in Zion 87:7

Psalm 88

1. The sufferer's affliction 88:1-9a

2. The sufferer's prayer 88:9b-12

3. The sufferer's faith 88:13-18

Psalm 89

1. God's character and covenant with David 89:1-4

2. The character of God 89:5-18

3. The promises of God 89:19-37

4. The appeal to God 89:38-52

IV. Book 4: chs. 90106

Psalm 90

1. The transitory nature of human life 90:1-12

2. The compassionate nature of divine love 90:13-17

Psalm 91

1. The security God provides 91:1-2

2. The deliverance God provides 91:3-13

3. The assurance God provides 91:14-16

Psalm 92

1. Praise for God's goodness 92:1-7

2. Praise for God's righteousness 92:8-15

Psalm 93

1. The authority of Yahweh 93:1-2

2. The power of Yahweh 93:3-4

3. The holiness of Yahweh 93:5

Psalm 94

1. A prayer for vengeance 94:1-7

2. A warning for evildoers 94:8-15

3. A reason for consolation 94:16-23

Psalm 95

1. Exhortation to praise the sovereign Lord 95:1-7a

2. Exhortation to believe the sovereign Lord 95:7b-11

Psalm 96

1. An invitation to all people to honor Yahweh 96:1-6

2. An invitation to all groups of people to honor Yahweh 96:7-10

3. An invitation to all to rejoice over Yahweh's reign 96:11-13

Psalm 97

1. The announcement of God's earthly reign 97:1

2. The appearance of the King 97:2-9

3. The appropriate response 97:10-12

Psalm 98

1. God's past revelation of His salvation 98:1-3

2. God's future judgment of the world 98:4-9

Psalm 99

1. The holiness of the King 99:1-5

2. The mercy of the King 99:6-9

Psalm 100

1. Happy service 100:1-3

2. Grateful worship 100:4-5

Psalm 101

1. David's appreciation for God 101:1

2. David's commitment to personal integrity 101:2

3. David's desire for purity in his court 101:3-8

Psalm 102

1. Request for a quick answer 102:1-2

2. Description of the affliction 102:3-11

3. Confidence in Yahweh's restoration 102:12-22

4. Hope in God's ceaseless existence 102:23-28

Psalm 103

1. Praise for God's mercy to individuals 103:1-5

2. Testimony to God's compassion to His people 103:6-18

3. Praise for God's sovereignty over all 103:19-22

Psalm 104

1. Prologue 104:1a

2. Praise for the creation 104:1b-23

3. Praise of the Creator 104:24-32

4. Proper responses 104:33-35a

5. Epilogue 104:35b

Psalm 105

1. Praise for God's greatness 105:1-6

2. The record of God's faithfulness to Israel 105:7-41

3. Praise for God's faithfulness 105:42-45

Psalm 106

1. Introductory call to praise 106:1-5

2. The record of Israel's unfaithfulness to God 106:6-46

3. Concluding prayer for deliverance 106:47-48

V. Book 5: chs. 107-150

Psalm 107

1. A call to thanksgiving and testimony 107:1-3

2. Specific instances of deliverance 107:4-32

3. The providence of God 107:33-43

Psalm 108

1. A triumphant praise declaration 108:1-6

2. A confident prayer request 108:7-13

Psalm 109

1. Lament over enemies 109:1-5

2. Imprecations on foes 109:6-20

3. Request for help 109:21-31

Psalm 110

1. The oracle concerning Messiah 110:1-2

2. The rule of Messiah 110:3-4

3. The victory of Messiah 110:5-7

Psalm 111

1. Introductory praise 111:1-3

2. Praise for specific works 111:4-9

3. Concluding wisdom 111:10

Psalm 112

1. The blessed condition of those who fear Yahweh 112:1

2. The blessings the righteous enjoy 112:2-9

3. The anxiety the wicked experience 112:10

Psalm 113

1. Call to praise the Lord's name 113:1-3

2. Causes to praise the Lord 113:4-9

Psalm 114

1. God's deliverance at the Exodus 114:1-6

2. The proper response to God's deliverance 114:7-8

Psalm 115

1. The need for God to vindicate Himself 115:1-2

2. The contrast between Yahweh and the idols 115:3-8

3. The need for God's people to trust Him 115:9-11

4. The result of trusting in the Lord 115:12-18

Psalm 116

1. A promise to praise God from a loving heart 116:1-2

2. The psalmist's account of his deliverance 116:3-11

3. Another promise to praise God 116:12-19

Psalm 117

1. A call for universal worship 117:1

2. The cause for universal worship 117:2

Psalm 118

1. Praise for Yahweh's loyal love 118:1-4

2. Praise for Yahweh's deliverance 118:5-21

3. Praise for Yahweh's triumph 118:22-29

Psalm 119

1. The blessing of obeying God's Word 119:1-8

2. The cleansing power of God's Word 119:9-16

3. An appreciation for God's Word 119:17-24

4. A prayer for greater understanding 119:25-32

5. Loyal commitment to God's Word 119:33-40

6. God's Word and salvation 119:41-48

7. God's Word as a source of hope 119:49-56

8. Strong commitment to God's Word 119:57-64

9. Confidence in the Word of God 119:65-72

10. God's Word as an object of hope 119:73-80

11. The reliability of God's Word 119:81-88

12. The permanence of God's Word 119:89-96

13. The sweetness of God's Word 119:97-104

14. The illumination God's Word provides 119:105-112

15. The reverence God's Word inspires 119:113-120

16. The vindication of those who keep God's Word 119:121-128

17. The wonder of God's Word 119:129-136

18. The righteous character of God's Word 119:137-144

19. The truth of God's Word 119:145-152

20. Love for God's Word 119:153-160

21. Joy in God's Word 119:161-168

22. Salvation in God's Word 119:169-176

Psalm 120

1. God's deliverance from liars 120:1-2

2. God's destruction of liars 120:3-4

3. God's dalliance with liars 120:5-7

Psalm 121

1. The source of help 121:1-2

2. The assurance of help 121:3-8

Psalm 122

1. Joyful anticipation of worship 122:1-2

2. Jerusalem's privileged condition 122:3-5

3. Prayer for Jerusalem's peace 122:6-7

Psalm 123

1. Dependence on God 123:1-2

2. Desire for grace 123:3-4

Psalm 124

1. The Lord's protection of His people 124:1-5

2. Praise for the Lord's protection 124:6-8

Psalm 125

1. The security of God's people 125:1-3

2. The choices before God's people 125:4-5

Psalm 126

1. Praise for the return 126:1-3

2. Petition for complete restoration 126:4

3. Prospect for future richness 126:5-6

Psalm 127

1. The futility of labor without faith 127:1-2

2. The providential blessings of God 127:3-5

Psalm 128

1. Summary statement of blessing 128:1

2. Some specific blessings 128:2-4

3. Specific supplications for blessing 128:5-6

Psalm 129

1. A tribute to past deliverance 129:1-4

2. A petition for future deliverance 129:5-8

Psalm 130

1. A desperate cry for mercy 130:1-2

2. A strong expression of trust 130:3-4

3. A deliberate decision to hope 130:5-8

Psalm 131

1. A model of humility 131:1-2

2. A model of hope 131:3

Psalm 132

1. The prayer to remember David 132:1-5

2. The prayer to bless David's descendants 132:6-10

3. The Lord's promises to David 132:11-18

Psalm 133

1. The desirability of unity 133:1

2. The descriptions of unity 133:2-3

Psalm 134

1. A call for God's servants to praise Him 134:1-2

2. A prayer that God would bless His servants 134:3

Psalm 135

1. Introductory call to praise 135:1-3

2. The cause for praise 135:4-18

3. Concluding call to praise 135:19-21

Psalm 136

1. Invitation to thank God 136:1-3

2. Subjects for thanksgiving 136:4-25

3. Reminder to thank God 136:26

Psalm 137

1. Sorrow in exile 137:1-4

2. Love for Jerusalem 137:5-6

3. Hatred for enemies 137:7-9

Psalm 138

1. Praise for answered prayer 138:1-3

2. Praise from all kings 138:4-5

3. Praise for condescending mercy 138:6-8

Psalm 139

1. God's omniscience 139:1-6

2. God's omnipresence 139:7-12

3. God's omnipotence 139:13-18

4. David's loyalty 139:19-24

Psalm 140

1. Prayer for deliverance 140:1-8

2. Imprecation on enemies 140:9-11

3. Confidence in Yahweh 140:12-13

Psalm 141

1. A request to be heard 141:1-2

2. A request to walk in God's ways 141:3-7

3. A request to give protection 141:8-10

Psalm 142

1. David's desperate cry to Yahweh 142:1-2

2. David's lament of his condition 142:3-4

3. David's confident hope in God 142:5-7

Psalm 143

1. The psalmist's complaint 143:1-6

2. The psalmist's petition 143:7-12

Psalm 144

1. Rejoicing over the Victor 144:1-2

2. Petition for present victory 144:3-11

3. Rejoicing for future conditions 144:12-15

Psalm 145

1. God's powerful acts 145:1-7

2. God's mercy and grace 145:8-10

3. God's eternal kingdom 145:11-16

4. God's responsiveness to prayer 145:17-21

Psalm 146

1. Man's inability to save 146:1-4

2. God's ability to save 146:5-6

3. Examples of God's power and faithfulness 146:7-10

Psalm 147

1. God's objects of control 147:1-6

2. God's objects of delight 147:7-11

3. God's instrument of blessing 147:12-20

Psalm 148

1. Praise for establishing the heavens 148:1-6

2. Praise for exalting Israel 148:7-14

Psalm 149

1. A call to rejoice in the Lord 149:1-3

2. A reason to rejoice in the Lord 149:4-5

3. A way to rejoice in the Lord 149:6-9

Psalm 150

1. The call 150:1

2. The cause 150:2

3. The celebration 150:3-5

4. The culmination 150:6

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Bibliography