Table of Contents



Title and Writer


Historical Background

Place of Composition

Audience and Purpose

Theological emphases

Literary form and characteristics

Unity, canonicity, and text




I. Introduction 1:1

II. The priests exhorted not to dishonor the Lord (the theological angle) 1:22:9

A. Positive motivation: the Lord's love 1:2-5

B. Situation: the priests' failure to honor the Lord 1:6-9

C. Command: stop the pointless offerings 1:10

D. Situation: the priests' worship profaning the Lord's name 1:11-14

E. Negative motivation: the results of disobedience 2:1-9

III. Judah exhorted to faithfulness (the social angle) 2:103:6

A. Positive motivation: spiritual kinship among Israel 2:10a

B. Situation: faithlessness against a covenant member 2:10b-15a

C. Command: stop acting faithlessly 2:15b-16

D. Situation: complaints of the Lord's injustice 2:17

E. Negative motivation: the coming messenger of judgment 3:1-6

IV. Judah exhorted to return and remember (the economic angle) 3:74:6

A. First command: return to the Lord with tithes 3:7-10a

B. Positive motivation: future blessing 3:10b-12

C. Situation: complacency toward serving the Lord 3:13-15

D. Motivation: the coming day 3:164:3

E. Second command: remember the Law 4:4-6