Table of Contents

 

Introduction

Writer

Place of Writing

Date

Characteristic features and purpose

Original recipients

Outline

Message

Exposition

I. Prologue 1:1-18

A. The preincarnate Word 1:1-5

B. The witness of John the Baptist 1:6-8

C. The appearance of the Light 1:9-13

D. The incarnation of the Word 1:14-18

II. Jesus' public ministry 1:1912:50

A. The prelude to Jesus' public ministry 1:19-51

1. John the Baptist's veiled testimony to Jesus 1:19-28

2. John the Baptist's open identification of Jesus 1:29-34

3. The response to John the Baptist's witness 1:35-42

4. The witness of Andrew and Philip 1:43-51

B. The early Galilean ministry 2:1-12

1. Jesus' first sign: changing water to wine 2:1-11

2. Jesus' initial stay in Capernaum 2:12

C. Jesus' first visit to Jerusalem 2:133:36

1. The first cleansing of the temple 2:13-22

2. Initial response to Jesus in Jerusalem 2:23-25

3. Jesus' conversation with Nicodemus 3:1-21

4. John the Baptist's reaction to Jesus' ministry 3:22-30

5. The explanation of Jesus' preeminence 3:31-36

D. Jesus' ministry in Samaria 4:1-42

1. The interview with the Samaritan woman 4:1-26

2. Jesus' explanation of evangelistic ministry 4:27-38

3. The response to Jesus in Samaria 4:39-42

E. Jesus' resumption of His Galilean ministry 4:43-54

1. Jesus' return to Galilee 4:43-45

2. The second sign: healing the official's son 4:46-54

F. Jesus' second visit to Jerusalem ch. 5

1. The third sign: healing the paralytic 5:1-9

2. The antagonism of the Jewish authorities 5:10-18

3. The Son's equality with the Father 5:19-29

4. The Father's witness to the Son 5:30-47

G. Jesus' later Galilean ministry 6:17:9

1. The fourth sign: feeding the 5,000 6:1-15 (cf. Matt. 14:13-23; Mark 6:30-46; Luke 9:10-17)

2. The fifth sign: walking on the water 6:16-21 (cf. Matt. 14:24-33; Mark 6:47-52)

3. The bread of life discourse 6:22-59

The people's search for Jesus 6:22-25

Jesus' creating desire for the bread 6:26-34

Jesus' identification of the bread 6:35-40

Jesus' identity as the Bread of Life 6:41-51

The meaning of believing 6:52-59

4. The responses to the bread of life discourse 6:607:9

The response of many disciples 6:60-65

The response of the Twelve 6:66-71

The response of the Jews 7:1-9

H. Jesus' third visit to Jerusalem 7:1010:42

1. The controversy surrounding Jesus 7:10-13

2. Jesus' ministry at the Feast of Tabernacles 7:14-44

Jesus' authority 7:14-24

Jesus' origin and destiny 7:25-36

The promise of the Spirit 7:37-44

3. The unbelief of the Jewish leaders 7:45-52

4. The woman caught in adultery 7:538:11

5. The light of the world discourse 8:12-59

Jesus' testimony about Himself 8:12-20

Jesus' claims about His origin 8:21-30

The challenge to professing believers 8:31-47

The violent response of Jesus' critics 8:48-59

6. The sixth sign: healing a man born blind ch. 9

The healing of the man 9:1-12

The Pharisees' first interrogation 9:13-23

The Pharisees' second interrogation 9:24-34

Spiritual sight and blindness 9:35-41

7. The Good Shepherd discourse 10:1-21

Jesus' presentation of the figure 10:1-6

Jesus' expansion of the figure 10:7-18

The division among Jesus' hearers 10:19-21

8. The confrontation at the Feast of Dedication 10:22-42

Jesus' claim to be the Messiah 10:22-30

Jesus' claim to be God's Son 10:31-39

Jesus' withdrawal from Jerusalem 10:40-42

I. The conclusion of Jesus' public ministry chs. 1112

1. The seventh sign: raising Lazarus 11:1-44

Lazarus' death 11:1-16

The revelation of the resurrection and the life 11:17-29

The revelation of Jesus' compassion 11:30-37

Lazarus' resurrection 11:38-44

2. The responses to the raising of Lazarus 11:45-57

The popular response 11:45-46

The official response 11:47-53

Jesus' reaction 11:54-57

3. Mary's anointing of Jesus 12:1-8 (cf. Matt. 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9)

4. The official antagonism toward Lazarus 12:9-11

5. Jesus' triumphal entry 12:12-19 (cf. Matt. 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:29-40)

6. Jesus' announcement of His death 12:20-36

The kernel of wheat teaching 12:20-26

The importance of believing now 12:27-36

7. The unbelief of Israel 12:37-50

The explanation of Israel's unbelief 12:37-43

The final exhortation to believe 12:44-50

III. Jesus' private ministry chs. 1317

A. The Last Supper 13:1-30

1. Jesus' washing of the disciples' feet 13:1-20

The act of foot-washing 13:1-11

The explanation of foot-washing 13:12-20

2. Jesus' announcement of His betrayal 13:21-30 (cf. Matt. 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 22:21-23)

B. The Upper Room Discourse 13:3116:33

1. Jesus' announcement and command 13:31-35

Jesus' announcement of His departure 13:31-33

Jesus' command to love one another 13:34-35

2. Peter's question about Jesus' departure and Jesus' reply 13:36-38 (cf. Matt. 26:31-35; Mark 14:27-31; Luke 22:31-34)

3. Jesus' comforting revelation in view of His departure 14:1-24

Jesus' promise to return 14:1-4

Thomas' question about Jesus' departure and Jesus' answer 14:5-7

Philip's request to see the Father and Jesus' answer 14:8-14

Jesus' provision to enable obedience 14:15-21

Judas' question about Jesus' self-disclosure and Jesus' reply 14:22-24

4. Jesus' promise of future understanding 14:25-31

5. The importance of abiding in Jesus 15:1-16

The vine and the branches metaphor 15:1-8

The exposition of themes in the metaphor 15:9-16

6. The warning about opposition from the world 15:17-27

7. The clarification of the future 16:1-24

The reason for this revelation 16:1-4

The ministry of the coming Spirit 16:5-15

The reappearance of Jesus 16:16-24

8. The clarification of Jesus' destination 16:25-33

C. Jesus' high priestly prayer ch. 17

1. Jesus' requests for Himself 17:1-5

2. Jesus' requests for the Eleven 17:6-19

The bases for these requests 17:6-11a

The request for protection 17:11b-16

The request for sanctification 17:17-19

3. Jesus' requests for future believers 17:20-26

The request for unity 17:20-23

The request for glorification 17:24-26

IV. Jesus' passion ministry chs. 1820

A. Jesus' presentation of Himself to His enemies 18:1-11 (cf. Matt. 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53)

B. Jesus' religious trial 18:12-27

1. The arrest of Jesus and the identification of the high priests 18:12-14

2. The entrance of two disciples into the high priest's courtyard and Peter's first denial 18:15-18 (cf. Matt. 26:57-58, 69-70; Mark 14:53-54, 66-68; Luke 22:54-57)

3. Annas' interrogation of Jesus 18:19-24

4. Peter's second and third denials of Jesus 18:25-27 (cf. Matt. 26:71-75; Mark 14:69-72; Luke 22:58-62)

C. Jesus' civil trial 18:2819:16

1. The Jews' charge against Jesus 18:28-32 (cf. Luke 23:1-2)

2. The question of Jesus' kingship 18:33-38a (cf. Matt. 27:11; Mark 15:2; Luke 23:3)

3. The Jews' request for Barabbas 18:38b-40 (cf. Matt. 27:12-21; Mark 15:3-11; Luke 23:4-19)

4. The sentencing of Jesus 19:1-16 (cf. Matt. 27:22-26; Mark 15:12-15; Luke 23:20-25)

D. Jesus' crucifixion 19:17-30

1. Jesus' journey to Golgotha 19:17 (cf. Matt. 27:31-34; Mark 15:20-23; Luke 23:26-33a)

2. The men crucified with Jesus 19:18 (cf. Matt. 27:38; Mark 15:27; Luke 23:33b)

3. The inscription over Jesus' cross 19:19-22 (cf. Matt. 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38)

4. The distribution of Jesus' garments 19:23-24 (Matt. 27:35-36; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34)

5. Jesus' provision for His mother 19:25-27

6. The death of Jesus 19:28-30 (cf. Matt. 27:48-50; Mark 15:36-37; Luke 23:46)

E. The treatment of Jesus' body 19:31-42

1. The removal of Jesus' body from the cross 19:31-37

2. The burial of Jesus 19:38-42 (cf. Matt. 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-46; Luke 23:50-54)

F. Jesus' resurrection 20:1-29

1. The discovery of Peter and John 20:1-9 (cf. Matt. 28:1-8; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-8)

2. The discovery of Mary Magdalene 20:10-18 (cf. Mark 16:9-11)

3. The appearance to the Eleven minus Thomas on Easter evening 20:19-23 (cf. Mark 16:14-18; Luke 24:36-43)

4. The transformed faith of Thomas 20:24-29

Thomas' initial unbelief 20:24-25

Thomas' final belief 20:26-29

G. The purpose of this Gospel 20:30-31

V. Epilogue ch. 21

A. Jesus' appearance to seven disciples in Galilee 21:1-14

B. Jesus' teachings about motivation for service 21:15-23

C. The writer's postscript 21:24-25

End Maps

Bibliography